MARMARA MUNICIPALITIES UNION STATUTE
General Provisions Regarding the Legal Entity of the Association and Its Members
Name of the Union
ARTICLE 1 - (1) The name of the Union is Marmara Municipalities Union. The acronym of the Union is MMU.
Center of the Union
ARTICLE 2 - (1) The center of the Union is in Istanbul.
ARTICLE 3 - (1) This Statute is prepared on the basis of Article 5 of the Law No. 5355 on Unions of Local Governments.
Working Area and Time of the Union
ARTICLE 4 - (1) The working area of the Union covers the municipalities in the Marmara Region. In addition, municipalities which have close and intensive interaction with the Marmara Region in terms of geographical, economic, cultural and service needs, and thus can actively contribute to the operation of the Union, may also be members of the Union. The working time of the Union is unlimited.
Members of the Union
ARTICLE 5 - (1) The members of the Union are the municipalities shown on the list attached to the Statute and approved by the Presidency of the Union.
Purposes of the Union
ARTICLE 6 - (1) The purposes of the Union are to strive for the adoption and promulgation of an understanding of local government which is democratic, participatory, transparent, accountable and based on human rights and freedoms; to act as a guide for sustainable local development; and to support municipalities in their efforts to provide the public with more effective and efficient service by developing cooperation and solidarity between the central government, local governments, municipalities, and relevant stakeholders.
Duty and Service Areas of the Union
ARTICLE 7 - (1) The Union carries out the following duties and services which are supportive and beneficial to its members:
a) Conducts work to protect its members' rights and freedoms, and to strengthen local governments;
b) Conducts joint training courses and research on the working areas of municipalities and local governments and establishes training and research centers and a local government academy;
c) Follows developments in the field of local governments and city administration; organizes events such as meetings, conferences, seminars, panels, technical and professional reviews and visits; and conducts activities such as exchange programs, research and development, and benchmarking in these fields;
d) Supports the master's theses, doctoral theses and research projects studying and developing proposals in the field of local governments and urbanization; works with scientists, experts and practitioners to conduct research and write reports; and publishes their results;
e) Works to develop the corporate capacity; provides technical, legal, financial and managerial consultancy services; organizes postgraduate education, certification, personal development, experience sharing, specialization, exchange, and foreign language programs;
f) Presents an opinion on the legal and administrative regulations concerning municipalities;
g) Ensures that members share information and experiences with each other; supports exemplary good practices and disseminate them; conducts printing and publishing activities;
h) Performs investigations and surveys about the Marmara Sea and the Straits; supports such efforts; and gives advice;
i) Conducts and participates in research, joint planning and project design studies for the protection and improvement of the environment, effective waste management, evaluation of renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and climate change;
j) Carries out and participates in studies necessary for the preservation of the natural and historic texture and cultural environment;
k) Conducts training and informative activities regarding natural disaster preparation and performs work to develop cooperation between municipalities;
l) Contributes to social, environmental, economic and cultural development in line with the sustainable development goals;
m) Carries out the product purchases and service provisions concerning more than one municipality if the respective municipalities authorize it;
n) Conducts joint studies and cooperation with national and international local government institutions, institutions connected with local governments, public professional organizations, non-governmental organizations, and universities; participates in and affiliate with these kinds of organizations with the permission of the relevant ministries;
o) Promotes peace and fraternity by developing sister city relationships between its members and other cities and municipalities, and conducts work on local diplomacy;
p) Participates in studies on local governments within the European Union membership negotiations,
r) Performs the tasks necessary for its members to benefit from domestic and foreign investment opportunities in line with the purpose of sustainable development;
s) Hosts and participates in cultural, athletic, educational, and scientific events and competitions open to participation at the local, regional, national, and international levels;
t) Represents its members before relevant authorities at home and abroad;
u) Researches, conducts and participates in studies regarding different parts of society and in fields such as migration, social cohesion, integration, belonging, urban identity, co-existence, social inclusion, equality of opportunity, and quality of life;
v) Carries out data-collecting, analysis, evaluation, reporting, and benchmarking work; organizes events; and sets up centers and workshops on the issues set forth in the above subparagraphs and those related to local governments and urbanization.
Rights, Authorities and Privileges of the Union
ARTICLE 8 - (1) The Union is a public institution with legal entity status and has the rights, powers and privileges of the municipalities in its duty and service areas.
ARTICLE 9 - (1) A municipality wishing to become a member of the Union must send the Union a membership decision which is adopted by its municipal council and states that it accepts the Union’s Statute. When the membership demand is recognized by the Union’s General Assembly, the municipality becomes a member of the Union.
Rights, Authorities, and Responsibilities of the Members of the Union
ARTICLE 10 - (1) Member municipalities have the right and authority to benefit from the services rendered by the Union, to take place in the administration of the Union, to be represented within the bodies of the Union, and the responsibility to pay their share of common expenses of the Union.
Union Membership Resignation
ARTICLE 11 - (1) A member municipality can resign its Union membership with a decision of its municipal council. However, the relevant municipality has to fulfill its obligations and pay its debts within 1 month of the date of the resignation decision.
Formation, Duties, and Authorities of the Bodies of the Union
Bodies of the Union
ARTICLE 12 - (1) The bodies of the Union are: The Union General Assembly, the Union Executive Board, and the President of the Union.
Formation of the Union General Assembly
ARTICLE 13 - (1) The Union General Assembly is the decision making body of the Union and consists of elected members and members by right. Mayors of the member municipalities are members of the Union General Assembly by right. In addition to this;
a) Municipal councils of municipalities with resident populations between 40,001 and 400,000 shall elect one of their municipal council members as the Union General Assembly member;
b) Municipal councils of municipalities with resident populations over 400,001 shall elect two of their municipal council members as the Union General Assembly members
to constitute the Union General Assembly, together with the members by right.
(2) Substitute members are elected at one half the number of original members.
(3) The term of office of members of the Union General Assembly is limited to the election period of the local government. Should an original membership in the Union General Assembly become vacant, the President of the Union calls a substitute member of the municipality whose original membership became vacant. If there are no substitute members to be called, the council of the member municipality elects substitute members at the first meeting. In the event that the Union General Assembly is terminated, the original and substitute members are re-elected. These members complete the remaining term. If the mayorship or council membership terminates, the membership of the Union General Assembly terminates, too. The Union General Assembly members whose membership is terminated with a reason requiring termination cannot be re-elected as a member of the Union General Assembly in the next term.
General Assembly Presidential Board
ARTICLE 14 - (1) The Union General Assembly is invited to meet by the Governor of the province where the center of the Union is located within thirty days of the announcement of the election results of the local governments. The General Assembly meets under the Presidency of the oldest member and elects the President of the Union, the First and Second Vice Presidents of the General Assembly and the Secretary Members of the General Assembly by secret ballot to serve for the first two years. After the first two years, the General Assembly Presidential Board members to be elected serve until the first election of local governments. The Union General Assembly is presided over by the President of the Union, or the First Vice President of the General Assembly in the absence of the President, or the Second Vice President of the General Assembly in the absence of the First Vice President of the General Assembly. However, the General Assembly meeting where the Annual Activity report is evaluated is made under the Presidency of the Vice President of the General Assembly. Should there be a vacancy on the General Assembly Presidential Board, a new member is elected to complete the remaining term. The President of the General Assembly is responsible for keeping order during the General Assembly work.
Duties and Authorities of the General Assembly
ARTICLE 15 - (1) Duties and authorities of the Union General Assembly are as follows:
a) To evaluate and accept the Strategic Plan;
b) To evaluate and accept the Activity Report;
c) To accept the budget and the final account and to make transfers between units where corporate coding was made and the first levels of the functional classification;
d) To decide on borrowing;
e) To decide on the purchase, sale, leasing or exchange of immovable properties;
f) To determine the fee tariff for services to be provided by the Union;
g) To accept conditional donations;
h) To decide on the legal settlements of Union receivables, ranging from two thousand Turkish Liras to ten thousand Turkish Liras;
i) To decide how the Union’s investments are to be made with models such as build-operate, build-operate-transfer, and build-operate-lease;
j) To elect the President of the Union, the Union General Assembly Presidential Board members, the Union Executive Board members, and the members of the Union General Assembly Committees and the Audit Committee;
k) To establish units of the Union organization;
l) To accept amendments to the Union's Statute;
m) To accept regulations made by the Union;
n) To resolve disagreements between the President of the Union and the Union Executive Board;
o) To decide on to cooperate with international organizations, municipalities and other organizations; to establish sister city relationships and similar relationships and partnerships with the permission of the relevant Ministries and in compliance with the foreign policy and international agreements;
p) To determine the wages of the contracted and partially contracted personnel to be employed under the Municipal Law No. 5393;
r) To decide on the purchase of vehicles under the Vehicle Law No. 237;
s) To decide on the creation, cancellation or change of personnel and positions;
t) To decide on the logo that will represent the Union.
General Assembly Meetings and Quorum
ARTICLE 16 - (1) The Union General Assembly convenes twice a year, first in April or May and then in October or November, at a predetermined place and time. The first meeting of the year is the opening meeting. The General Assembly convenes with a simple majority of the total members and ratifies decisions by a simple majority of the participants. The quorum cannot be less than one-fourth of the total number of the General Assembly members. If the required quorum is not achieved, the President of the General Assembly postpones the General Assembly to convene together in an appointed place and time within 3 days at the latest. The second meeting is held with no less than one-fourth the number of members participating and decisions are made by a simple majority of the participants. To calculate whether quorums have been established and decisions have been ratified, fractional numbers are rounded up to whole numbers.
(2) Members of the Union General Assembly can give a proxy to another member of the Union General Assembly for General Assembly meetings they cannot attend.
(3) The President of the Union may convene an extraordinary meeting of the Union General Assembly upon the request of one of the member municipal councils, or at the request of a reasoned proposal by one third of the members of the Union General Assembly, or as s/he deems necessary in emergency situations. The call for the extraordinary meeting and the agenda is notified to the General Assembly members in writing at least three days in advance and announced separately. No other subject than the one that requires the call for the meeting can be discussed in the extraordinary meetings.
(4) Decisions of the Union General Assembly enter into force after they are sent to the governor of the city where the center of the Union is located.
(5) The provisions of the Municipal Law No. 5393 concerning the municipal councils apply should there be no provision in this Statute regarding the Union General Assembly meetings, decisions, finalization of the decisions, working principles and procedures, acquisition and control of information, termination of General Assembly membership, election of members of General Assembly committees, and obligations of the General Assembly members.
General Assembly Committees
ARTICLE 17- (1) General Assembly committees can be established in the Union General Assembly in the Union's fields of activity apart from the planning and budget committees. General Assembly committees are established by a decision of the Union General Assembly from among the members of the General Assembly where the number of committee members does not exceed five. It is essential that each member of the committee is elected from among different member municipal representatives. Experts may be employed in the work of committees.
Formation of the Union Executive Board
ARTICLE 18 - (1) The Union Executive Board consists of the President of the Union and 7 members to be elected by the General Assembly from among its members for one year. Executive Board elections are held at the first meeting of the new term and by secret ballot. Members can be re-elected. If an Executive Board member vacates the Executive Board for any reason before the due date, a new member is elected.
(2) The President of the Union is also the President of the Executive Board. In the absence of the President, the Executive Board is chaired by the Executive Board member s/he selects. The Union Executive Board meets at least once a month.
(3) The Union Executive Board members elected for any reason serve until the beginning of the following term. If the membership of the Union General Assembly terminates, the membership of the Union Executive Board terminates, too.
(4) In the event that the Union General Assembly is terminated, until the formation of the new General Assembly, the duties of the Union General Assembly and the Union Executive Board are performed by a delegation of five persons, one of which is the President, appointed by the governor of the city where the center of the Union is located.
Duties and Authorities of the Executive Board
ARTICLE 19 - (1) The duties and authorities of the Union Executive Board are as follows:
a) To review the Strategic Plan, the budget and the final account; and to deliver an opinion on them to the Union General Assembly;
b) To decide on public utilities required by expropriation procedures;
c) To allot unexpected expenses;
d) To make transfers between the second level of the functional classification of the budget;
e) To give punishments foreseen by law;
f) To decide on legal settlements of cases up to two thousand Turkish Liras;
g) To implement General Assembly decisions regarding the purchase, sale, lease, or exchange of immovable properties;
h) To determine the amount of additional payments to be made to those assigned in the Union in accordance with the Law No. 5355 on Unions of Local Governments;
i) To decide which officers will be paid premiums and on the amount to be paid in accordance with the Municipal Law No. 5393;
j) To decide on salaries and other payments to be paid to temporary staff;
k) To decide which fees of royalty, conference, course, training, seminar etc. will be paid from the Union budget, other than for work to be performed through service procurement;
l) To decide on support for master's theses, doctoral theses, and research projects; and to determine the amount of support to be given to these;
m) To perform the other duties that laws impose on the Executive Board.
(2) Members of the Union Executive Board have the rights and authorities of the Municipal Executive Board members in their own duties.
Union Executive Board Quorum
ARTICLE 20 - (1) The Union Executive Board convenes at least once a month with a simple majority of the total number of members in a predetermined place, day and time and make decisions with a majority of the attendees. In case of a tie, the party for which the President votes is deemed to constitute the quorum. The President may call the Executive Board for a meeting in an emergency.
(2) The agenda of the Executive Board is prepared by the President. Subjects not referred to by the President cannot be discussed in the meeting. Members of the Executive Board may propose agenda items before and during the meeting with the President's approval.
(3) The provisions of the Municipal Law No. 5393 concerning the municipal executive board apply should there be no provision in this Statute regarding the Union Executive Board's meetings, decisions, or working principles and procedures.
Electing the President of the Union
ARTICLE 21 - (1) The Union General Assembly elects the President of the Union for the first two years from among the mayors, by secret ballot, at the first meeting after the announcement of the results of the local elections. After the first two years, the President of the Union to be elected serves until the next local elections. In the event that a candidate does not receive a majority of votes of the participants of the meeting, a second round of votes is taken. The candidate who receives the most votes in the second round is deemed to be elected.
(2) The President of the Union is the head of the Union administration and the representative of the Union's legal entity.
(3) In the event that the President resigns within the term of office, the Union Presidency election is repeated. Regarding the expiration of Presidency of Union, the provisions of the Municipal Law No. 5393 on the expiration of mayorship due to reasons other than discontinuance apply.
Rights and Authorities of the President of the Union
ARTICLE 22 - (1) The rights and authorities of the President of the Union are as follows:
a) To manage the Union and protect the rights and interests of the Union;
b) To prepare, implement, monitor and evaluate the strategic plan, budget and final accounts and to present the annual activity report in relation to these to the General Assembly;
c) To represent the Union;
d) To preside over the Union General Assembly and Union Executive Board;
e) To manage the movable and immovable properties of the Union;
f) To follow and collect the income and receivables of the Union;
g) To make contracts on condition that the decisions of the authorized bodies are considered;
h) To implement the decisions of the Union General Assembly and the Union Executive Board;
i) To make other appropriation transfers beyond the authority of the Union General Assembly and Union Executive Board;
j) To assign the personnel of the Union;
k) To audit the Union;
l) To accept unconditional donations;
m) To fulfill the duties and use the authorities which are assigned to the Union by the laws which do not require the Union General Assembly's or the Union Executive Board's approval.
Union Organization and Personnel
ARTICLE 23 - (1) The Union organization consists of units to be agreed on by the Union General Assembly, under the direction of the Secretary General of the Union, in accordance with the permanent staff and with the purpose of fulfilling the duties and using the authorities assigned by this Statute.
(2) Officers working in public institutions and organizations can be appointed to the Union's staff in accordance with the principles and procedures laid down in the Municipal Law No. 5393. In such appointments, all financial and social rights the relevant person is entitled to in his/her institution continue however, with the Union Executive Board's decision, s/he may receive additional payment which does not exceed the total amount of salary and other payments s/he receives from the original institution.
(3) The Union may employ full-time or part-time contracted personnel or workers, depending on its service needs. The authority to assign or employ contracted personnel is the President of the Union. Contracted personnel may be granted signature authority with the President's approval.
Appointment, Duties and Authorities of the Secretary General of the Union
ARTICLE 24 - (1) The Secretary General of the Union is appointed by the President of the Union from among those who have received a 4-year higher education, are experts in the field of local governments, have at least 5 years of management experience in other public or private sector establishments, and preferably have a good command of a foreign language. The Union personnel are appointed by the President of the Union at the proposal of the Secretary General. The appointments of the Secretary General and the unit chiefs are announced at the first General Assembly meeting. The Union may employ contracted personnel. If the Secretary General of the Union is employed on a contract basis, the duration of the contract cannot exceed six months from the end of the election period of the local governments.
(2) The Secretary General of the Union ensures on behalf of the President of the Union that the services of the Union are carried out under the relevant legislation, the Union Statute, and the directives and responsibility of the President. The Secretary General of the Union attends meetings of the Union Executive Board without having a right to vote. The President of the Union determines in writing the authorities s/he will delegate to the Secretary General.
Strategic Plan and Activity Report
ARTICLE 25 - (1) The President of the Union presents the strategic plan in accordance with the development plan and program, and the region plan, if any, to the Union General Assembly.
(2) The strategic plan is drawn up with the views of universities, professional chambers and non-governmental organizations interested in the subject, and enters into force after being adopted by the Union General Assembly.
(3) The strategic plan constitutes the basis for the preparation of the budget and is discussed and accepted in the Union General Assembly before the budget.
ARTICLE 26 - (1) The President of the Union prepares the Activity Report explaining the activities carried out according to the strategic plan; the targets and feasibility according to the determined performance criteria; the reasons for deviations; and the status of the debts of the Union. Activities and evaluations about affiliates, subsidiaries, and business partnerships of the Union are also included in the Activity Report.
(2) The Activity Report is presented by the President of the Union to the General Assembly at the first meeting of the term. A copy of the report is sent to the Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning.
Financial Provisions and Audit
Budget and Final Account of the Union
ARTICLE 27 - (1) The budget draft for the year prepared by the Presidency and deemed appropriate by the Union Executive Board is finalized after acceptance by the Union General Assembly.
(2) The Union budget represents the revenue and expenditure estimates for one fiscal year plus the following two years and the principles and procedures related to their implementation.
(3) Extra-budgetary spending is not allowed.
(4) The Union General Assembly accepts the Union budget at the last ordinary General Assembly meeting of the year and the final account for the previous year at the first ordinary General Assembly meeting of the year.
Revenues of the Union
ARTICLE 28 - (1) The revenues of the Union are as follows:
a) Annual membership fees to be paid by the Union members;
b) Fees to be paid for services rendered by the Union;
c) Appropriations to be transferred from other public institutions and organizations;
d) Revenues allocated to the Unions from funds allocated to the local governments;
e) Revenues from training, publishing and consulting services;
f) Revenues from business partnerships and subsidiaries of the Union;
g) Revenues from the lease, sale, or other utilization of movable and immovable properties;
h) Interest income;
i) Revenues from services made on behalf of members;
j) All kinds of support and donations;
k) Revenues related to the joint services and events provided and hosted together with members and other institutions and organizations;
l) Other various revenues.
Annual Membership Fee and Joint Services Participation Fee
ARTICLE 29 - (1) The member municipalities send their final income accounts as approved by their municipal councils within one month of finalization to the Union Presidency.
(2) Member municipalities agree to pay five - ten thousandths (5/10,000) of their final accounts as accepted by their municipal councils as the annual membership fee and transfer it to the Union's account within the fiscal year.
(3) It may be decided that all or some of the members must make an extra contribution on top of the annual membership fee for the services and events provided and held by the Union. In this case, the relevant member municipality is required to make an extra contribution in cash or kind as necessary, together with the annual membership fee.
Obligations of the Members of the Union
ARTICLE 30 - (1) The amount that must be paid to the Union by member municipalities which fail to fulfill their financial obligations to the Union on time shall be paid to the Union by the deduction of this amount from the share allocated to these municipalities from the total collection of the general budget tax revenues by the institution distributing these shares, upon the application of the Union.
Expenditures of the Union
ARTICLE 31 - (1) The expenditures of the Union are as follows:
a) Salaries, wages, allowances, daily allowances, travel allowances, training expenses, and other expenditures that are paid to the personnel of the Union and members of its selected bodies;
b) Expenditures to be incurred for services and for the following and collection of other revenues;
c) Expenditures incurred for the provision, construction, maintenance, and repair of the Union's service buildings, facilities, tools and equipment;
d) Interest and other costs on debts and insurance expenses;
e) Expenditures for the legal follow-ups and execution;
f) Attorney, consultancy and audit fees;
g) Copyright fees; course, training, seminar, and conference fees; and publication expenses;
h) Expenses related to the joint services rendered with public and private sector organizations and other project expenses;
i) Participation fees to be paid to Unions or local government organizations with similar purposes established and to be established at local, national and international levels;
j) Representation, ceremony, entertainment, and promotion expenses;
k) Advertisement expenses;
l) Expenses related to the joint services and events provided and held together with members and other institutions and organizations;
m) Other expenses incurred to conduct the Union’s services.
Union Business Partnerships
ARTICLE 32 - (1) The Union business partnerships are subject to the audit of the President of the Union.
(2) The Board of Directors or the manager (company manager or general manager) of the Union business partnerships presents a report on their activities and financial status to the President of the Union once every three months. The report on the activities and financial status of the Union business partnerships is presented together with the Activity Report for approval of the General Assembly by the Union Presidency at the first General Assembly meeting of the term.
Auditing and the Audit Committee
ARTICLE 33 - (1) The audit of the Union is conducted by impartially analyzing the processes and results of services according to the legislation, predetermined objectives and goals, performance criteria, and quality standards; comparing and evaluating these on evidence-basis; and putting the results obtained into report form and announcing them to the authorities with the purpose of ensuring that mistakes in activities and operations are prevented; guiding the development of employees and the Union organization; and ensuring that the management and control systems become valid, reliable and consistent.
(2) Internal and external audits are carried out in the Union. Audits cover the legal, financial and performance audits of the business and operations.
(3) Internal and external audits are conducted in accordance with the provisions of the Public Financial Management and Control Law No. 5018.
(4) The Union General Assembly creates an audit committee by secret ballot of not less than three and not more than five from among its own members at the first meeting, for an audit of the Union’s previous year's revenues and expenditures, and the account records and transactions thereof. The committee is constituted in proportion to the number of members of each political party group and the independent members in the General Assembly in relation to the total number of members of the General Assembly.
(5) The committee conducts its activities in a place in the Union building designated by the President of the Union and may work with public personnel and other experts when needed.
(6) The results of the audit are announced to the public and submitted for the General Assembly's information.
Spending Authority of the Union
ARTICLE 34 - (1) The spending authority of the Union is the President of the Union. The President may delegate this authority to the Secretary General or the unit managers.
Purchases, Sales, Procurements, and Accountancy of the Union
ARTICLE 35 - (1) The Union is subject to State Procurement Law No. 2886, Public Procurement Law No. 4734, Public Procurement Contracts Law No. 4735, Public Financial Management and Control Law No. 5018 and the Law on Court of Accounts No. 6085.
Books to be Kept by the Union
ARTICLE 36 - (1) The Union keeps the General Assembly's Decision Book, the Executive Board's Decision Book, the Document Record Book, the Inventory Record Book, and the books stipulated for the Unions in the Local Governments Budget and Accounting Regulation.
Obligations of the Members of the Union
ARTICLE 37 - (1) Responsibility for any kind of contract and letter of undertaking belongs to the Union's legal entity. This responsibility is limited to the assets of the Union and is not binding upon the legal entity of the member municipalities in any way.
Utilization of the Union's Services by Member Local Governments and Citizens
ARTICLE 38 - (1) Member municipalities and citizens can benefit directly or indirectly from the Union's services, and participate in and contribute to the Union's activities within the framework of public law principles. Citizens and non-governmental organizations are encouraged to participate in planning and project activities carried out by the Union for member municipalities. The Union makes a continuous effort to adapt and develop an understanding of local government which is democratic, participatory, and transparent; and to carry out activities to inform the public on this subject.
Issuance of Regulation
ARTICLE 39 - (1) The principles and procedures regarding the enforcement of this Statute may be regulated by regulations to be adopted by the Union General Assembly or directives to be issued by the Presidency of the Union.
Finalization of the Statute and Statute Amendments
ARTICLE 40 - (1) The Union's Statute and Statute Amendments are finalized and come into force with a two thirds majority decision of the total number of the Union General Assembly's members and the approval of the Minister of Environment and Urban Planning.
Dissolution of the Union
ARTICLE 41 - (1) The Union may be dissolved by a two thirds majority decision of the total number of the Union General Assembly's members.
(2) The dissolution of the Union is carried out by three public officials appointed by the governor of the city where the center of the Union is located. Dissolution proceedings are finalized within 1 year at the latest. The assets of the Union are distributed according to the decisions of the General Assembly and the participation rates of the members in the assets of the Union. If the participation rates are not clear, these are distributed in proportion to the population.
Provisions to be Implemented
ARTICLE 42 - (1) Should there be no provision in Law No. 5355 on Unions of Local Governments or in this Statute on delegation of authority, conflict between the Union Executive Board and the President of the Union, dismissal of the Union bodies or their members, auditing, annual activity report, budget and other financial subjects, incurring debt except from bond issue, subsidiaries, offsetting debts and claims, foreign relations, relations with other organizations, and implementation of correspondence and re-evaluation rates in the Union, the provisions of the Municipal Law No. 5393, to be limited to the services delegated to the Union by the Union Statute, will be applied.
ARTICLE 43 - (1) The Union Statute enters into force upon adoption by the Union General Assembly and the approval of the Minister of Environment and Urban Planning.
ARTICLE 44 - (1) The provisions of this Statute are executed by the President of the Union.